One of the most mentioned measures that is supposed to make a WordPress installation more secure is hiding the WordPress version number, but the truth is that it will not make your installation any more secure. If it has any effect, this measure is making WordPress installations less secure. The idea certainly sounds good if you don’t have an understanding of what the actual threats are and the methods someone could use to determine what version is being used. The biggest thing to understand is that hackers are not checking what version of WordPress is being run when trying to hack a website. In fact in most cases they don’t even check if WordPress is installed, they just try to exploit known vulnerabilities in older version of WordPress at locations that WordPress might be installed (they also attempt to exploit other software that might be located on a website as well). So no matter how hard you try to hide the WordPress version number, you will still get hacked if you are running an outdated version of WordPress. This is why keeping WordPress updated is the only measure you really need to do to keep WordPress secure.
If the WordPress version number is hidden someone who wants to check what WordPress version is running, as we often do with for potential clients or we are alerting websites we have found to have been hacked, will not be able easily determine what version is running and therefore not be able to give the webmaster a reminder that they need to upgrade it.
Furthermore, these attempts to hide version number would not be successful in preventing some who wants to determine the WordPress version number from actually doing it. There are multiple ways to check pages and files to determine the version is running and we have listed a number of them below. Someone who really wanted to know the version could also use the more advanced method of testing capabilities to determine the version as well. So if there was a real risk that came from the WordPress version number being known the attempts to hide the version would fail to protect the website.
Meta Generator Tag
The most well known way of checking what version of WordPress is being used is to check generator that is included in the source code of the website’s pages:
<meta name=”generator” content=”WordPress 3.1″ />
There are multiple methods of removing this from the pages.
The other well known method is to check readme.html file that is placed in the root directory of the WordPress installation. From our experience this is not always reliable for determining what version is running as people don’t always copy the new readme.html when the perform an upgrade. So this could only be relied on to tell that the website is only running at least a certain version of WordPress. This can be removed by just deleting the files, but it will need to be done each time if you use the automatic update feature.
RSS/Atom Generator Element
If the website provides a RSS or Atom feed generated by WordPress it will include a generator element similar to the one placed on the website’s pages:
Like the generator tag this can removed, but we have found that this occurs much less often.
Login Page CSS File
The next two methods will only allow the major version of the WordPress to be determined. That is they could tell if you are running 3.0 or 3.1, but not it you were running 3.0.1, 3.0.2, 3.0.4, or 3.0.5. This information would be enough to narrow down the possible vulnerabilities that the hacker could use making the task of finding one they could use much simpler.
In the source code of the WordPress login page a version number is attached to the login.css style sheet:
<link rel=’stylesheet’ href=’http://localhost/wordpress/wp-admin/css/login.css?ver=20081210′ type=’text/css’ media=’all’ />
These are version numbers for the last five major releases:
Limiting access to the wp-login.php could prevent this from being checked.
The final method involves checking for a file that has been added to a given version. These are files that were introduced in the latest version for the last five major releases:
It impossible to have a file that has not yet been created already on your website and blocking access to these files is not something that you could realistically do, so this is something that could not be prevented from being able to be used to determine the version.
If you see someone promoting hiding the WordPress version number as a security measure we would appreciate if you point them to this post to help stop it from being promoted.